Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome; Things you need to know

A common situation in female effecting the function of ovaries is called Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome also known as PCOS or PCOD. Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine system disorder among women of reproductive age. Women with PCOS may have enlarged ovaries that contain small collections of fluid — called follicles — located in each ovary as seen during an ultrasound exam.

Some main features of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome are;

  • Irregular menstruation marked by ovaries not releasing eggs regularly.
  • Excessive androgen production in the body can be noticed through some physical changes such as excess of facial or body hair.
  • Polycystic Ovaries – ovaries become enlarged and contains fluid filled sacs called follicles surrounding eggs.

Most of the females suffering from PCOS have large number of follicles measuring upto 9mm, however these follicles are under developed sacs in which oocytes or eggs develop. If you are a PCOS female, these sacs will be unable to release an egg. PCOS is thought to be one of the big underlying conditions most of the females are facing in Nepal. The data hard to trace, but it’s thought to be affecting every 5 in 10 women in Nepal. More than 50% of this number will not notice any symptoms.

The symptoms of PCOS are more prominent during late teen years or early to mid twenties. One can have difficulty in conceiving as a result of irregular ovulation, excessive hair growth, weight gain, or difficulty in gaining weight, oily skin, acne, thinning of hair or hair loss etc. PCOS is also associated with an increased risk of developing health problems in later life, such as type 2 diabetes and high cholesterol levels.

Causes of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

It’s still a subject of study but PCOS often is seen running in the families. It’s connected to abnormal hormones levels in the body with producing high levels of insulin in the body. Insulin is a hormone that controls sugar levels in the body. Many women with PCOS are resistant to the action of insulin in their body and produce higher levels of insulin to overcome this.
This contributes to the increased production and activity of hormones such as testosterone. Being overweight or obese also increases the amount of insulin your body produces.

Treatment of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

Medical Science has only suggested management of symptoms of PCOS so far. If you notice any of the symptoms, visit your gynaecologist and get a ultrasound of your lower abdomen done. If you are overweight, carefully plan your diet. In case of excessive hair,irregular periods and fertility problems visit doctor. If fertility medications are ineffective, a simple surgical procedure called laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD) may be recommended. This involves using heat or a laser to destroy the tissue in the ovaries that’s producing androgens, such as testosterone.

With treatment, most women with PCOS are able to get pregnant.

IVF in Nepal- what you need to know?

IVF or In-vitro Fertilization is procedure where eggs are fertilized with sperm in laboratory condition inside a dish. In this procedure, the eggs and sperm are places in the dish along with special culture that allows the gametes to survive even outside human body. The dish, then is kept in an incubator and is observed closely by the lab technician or embryologist for the fertilization and cell division. When the eggs develop to 2-8 cell embryos, the embryos can be then transferred back into the mother’s womb.

The process usually takes 3-5 days at Angel Fertility Solution in Nepal.


Reasons to have IVF

IVF is usually the advanced treatment for infertile couples. Before we go for an IVF, doctor might try other procedure such as fertility medications or Intra-Uterine Insemination (IUI). IVF in Nepal or anywhere else is usually prescribed if couples suffer from following conditions;


Ovulation complications

Damaged or blocked fallopian tubes

Problems with the uterus

Low sperm count or sperm motility problems/ Azoospermia

Unexplained infertility


What should you do if you think you need IVF?

Majority of couples will conceive on their own within 12 months simply through regular intercourse. It is always important to visit a doctor or gynecologist prior to start planning for pregnancy. Discussing infertility problems, medical history, your concerns and referring to fertility specialist will assure a good start. Since the age factor plays vital role in conception, if you are below 35 and having difficulties conceiving even after 6 months of trying, your general gynecologist will refer to you to fertility specialist.

Tests that are done before IVF:

Our doctors will advise some tests to you before resorting to IVF to rule our the cause of your infertility issues. Some test results required commonly before IVF are:

  • HIV & hepatitis test: (for safety reasons you and your partner’s blood will need to be tested prior to having IVF)
  • Female fertility tests: Before having IVF, you may be required to have blood testing done to check your hormone levels, determine egg quality, and verify whether or not you are ovulating. Your doctor may also want to check the structure of your uterine cavity and check for any blockage of your fallopian tubes. You may be given a test called an HSG, or hysterosalpingogram, which is a special x-ray of the uterus and fallopian tubes. It allows your doctor to see any abnormalities in the uterus or if your tubes are blocked.
  • Male fertility tests: Your partner may be required to have a semen analysis done before having IVF. A sample of your partner’s semen may be sent off for analysis to check his sperm count, sperm motility, and sperm quality.
  • Mock Transfer: Some clinics will do a mock transfer before doing IVF. During a mock transfer, your doctor will insert a catheter into your uterus, much like he would during a real transfer. This mock transfer allows him to measure the depth of your uterus and to determine the best way to insert the catheter during the real transfer.


IVF Treatment: What to expect

IVF involves fertilizing your eggs in a laboratory dish and then transferring them back into your body. In order for IVF to be successful, you will need to ovulate and produce multiple eggs for fertilization. To make this happen, your doctor will give you fertility medication at the start of your cycle that will stimulate your ovaries to produce several mature eggs for fertilization. Your doctor will have you come in for blood work and an ultrasound to check the development of your eggs. Once your eggs are mature, your eggs can be retrieved for fertilization.


You may be sedated or given local anesthesia for the egg retrieval procedure. The eggs are removed from your ovaries by inserting a thin needle through the back of the vagina. Using an ultrasound to guide him, your doctor will gentle suction the eggs and follicular fluid into test tubes. You may feel some cramping on the day of the procedure. Your doctor may prescribe pain medication to relieve discomfort.


Your partner will provide a semen specimen the day of the procedure. This semen will be used to fertilize your retrieved eggs. If your partner has a low sperm count, a procedure called intracytoplasmic sperm injection may be performed in combination with IVF. This procedure takes a single sperm and injects it directly into the egg to fertilize it.


Your partner’s sperm and your eggs will then be placed inside a laboratory dish and monitored for up to five days. Each of your eggs will be watched until they develop into a group of cells called an embryo. Once your embryos are ready, they can be transferred into your uterus. Your doctor will place up to four embryos inside your uterus during the transfer. To transfer the embryos, he will insert a thin catheter through your cervix and into your uterus, releasing the embryos at the top of your uterus. After the embryos are transferred, you will need to rest. You may stay in bed for several hours following the transfer before you are discharged. If the transfer was successful, you should know within a couple weeks.


want more details..? about IVF treatment..

Why is IVF done?

Fallopian Tube Obstruction



IVF Success Rates


IVF success rates vary. Certain fertility problems are more challenging to treat than others. Your age is also a big factor in the success rate of IVF. Likewise, some clinics have higher success rates than others.  According to the most recent report from 2005, the percentage of cycles resulting in live births is approximately.


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Can I be mommy after 35?


Everything You need to know about IVF in Nepal

Since, IVF is the process of fertilization by manually combining an egg and sperm in a laboratory dish, and then transferring the embryo to the uterus.

IVF in Nepal

There are several couples here in Nepal who want to have the experience of parenthood. In current date, nearly 10% to 15% people of  Nepal and all over the world are childless. By observing these stats,  Angel fertility solution took  step further towards fertility solution.

Cost of IVF in Nepal

people might be afraid of medicinal and other expenses in IVF. But Angel fertility solution has made the cost expenses so easier  in context of Nepal. We provide affordable very cheap plans that you will love to have a child with our help. we currently offer two plans  for the patients.

Supreme Plan

                              You get one egg retrieval and the transfer of all resulting embryos until you take home a baby. As long as your doctor recommends IVF using your own eggs, you are automatically eligible for the Core Plan. Each extra attempt will only cost you minimal medicine charges.


Available to patients who meet certain clinical criteria to chose donors will get one egg retrieval and transfer all resulting embryos. The cost of fresh and frozen embryo transfer is inclusive of the package.

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IVF for HIV Positive

IVF Services provided by Angel fertility solution

Angel Fertility Solution now introduces Angel-PLAN as Multiple IVF plan with multiple IVF attempts. We offer two affordable IVF plan for Nepal and other countries. You would love these packages.

There are two Angel- IVF Program options available to help make the cost of IVF treatment more affordable when you plan to use your own eggs or donor eggs:

  • Supreme Plan – You get one egg retrieval and the transfer of all resulting embryos until you take home a baby. As long as your doctor recommends IVF using your own eggs, you are automatically eligible for the Core Plan. Each extra attempt will only cost you minimal medicine charges.
  • Angel-Donor-Plan – Available to patients who meet certain clinical criteria to chose donors will get one egg retrieval and transfer all resulting embryos. The cost of fresh and frozen embryo transfer is inclusive of the package.

Contact Us: http://angelfertilitysolution.com/contact-us/ for your quotation.

AFS is pleased to offer the IVF Program among our fertility treatment economical options, to make the cost of IVF in Nepal more affordable for our patients. The Angel- IVF programs are designed to limit the amount of money at stake for a comprehensive treatment plan, providing for a multi-cycle course of treatment, which helps maximize your chance to have a baby through IVF. In fact, three out of four participants in the ANGEL-IVF Programs take home a baby.

Even with the best technology and treatment, it takes most women more than one IVF cycle to be successful. The unknown about how many cycles you should go through and how much it will cost can be stressful – and increase the chance that you’ll stop treatment too early. That’s why we recommend an Angel-IVF course-of-treatment plan to our patients.

We find that when our patients enroll in an Angel-IVF Plan, they are able to commit to the full treatment plan we have designed for them, which gives them the best possible chance of becoming a parent.

Why Can’t I get pregnant?

Keep getting negative results every time you pee on a stick? Here are five fertility saboteurs that could be the reasons you’re not getting pregnant.

You already know the drill—when you’re trying to conceive you can’t leave the house without seeing pregnant bellies. Every time you turn on the TV there’s a sweet baby in a diaper commercial staring back at you. You always seem to spot at least four newborns snuggled up in carriers perched on top of grocery carts when you run into the supermarket.

Whether you’re a few months into trying or are thinking about starting a family soon (here are nine things to do before you conceive), you know doubt have babies on the brain. By now you likely know that many of us don’t get pregnant the first time we try. But what might be surprising news is that there are fertility saboteurs that can wreak havoc on your chances of conceiving. Here’s how to deal with five that could be obstructing your road to baby bliss.

1. Stress
When you mention to friends and family that you’re “trying,” you’ll almost guaranteed to hear someone say, “Just relax and it will happen.” Easier said than done. Stress, good or bad, is going to take its toll on you both physically and mentally. According to naturopathic doctor Via Bitidis, co-director of the North Toronto Naturopathic Clinic, balance and calm are a crucial part of trying to conceive. “When you’re stressed your adrenal system takes a hit. Your body isn’t going to say, ‘Okay, let’s get pregnant.’ Learning to say no and to take time for yourself is important for improving your chances of having a baby.” Megan Karnis, medical director of The ONE Fertility Clinic in Burlington, Ont., agrees with a word of caution: “A lot of women think the best thing to do when you’re stressed is to take time off work. In my experience, that doesn’t help, because it makes a woman feel she has to get pregnant in that time and then the stress to get pregnant is so much higher,” she says. Instead of altering your day-to-day routine entirely, Karnis recommends counselling, art therapy, meditation and exercise to reduce stress levels.


2. Sleep deprivation
You already know that catching an adequate number of zzz’s makes that morning department meeting more bearable, but here’s another reason to get yourself to bed before the wee hours. Sleep deprivation puts stress on the body (there’s that pesky s-word again) and when you’re tired, you don’t run on all cylinders. “For people who don’t get enough sleep, their immune systems are down a little bit and they’re more likely to get infections, which will affect the reproductive cycle,” Karnis says. “This applies to men as well. Infections can cause fever and that excess heat can damage the sperm temporarily,” she says. “Women who don’t get enough sleep can also start to feel anxious, which may cause missed periods.” Keeping yourself healthy is the baby bottom line, so set the PVR to record Mad Men and enforce a new bedtime.

3. Weight issues
A woman who is underweight or overweight may have some difficulty conceiving a baby. “An undernourished body may not ovulate properly,” says Bitidis. On the other hand, excess weight can have a significant effect on fertility. “Just being over your ideal weight decreases your chance of getting pregnant even if you are ovulating regularly,” says Karnis. “The further you stray above 25 on the Body Mass Index, the worse it gets.” Maintaining a healthy diet and developing a reasonable exercise routine will do wonders for your mind and body,” Bitidis adds.


4. Cycle confusion
“A lot of women don’t understand their own cycles,” says Bitidis. Most of us were taught the typical 28-day cycle in health class back in high school, but every woman is different and cycles vary in length. “The biggest thing is timing,” Karnis says. “We teach women that ovulation is two weeks before your period. Most people think that it’s two weeks after, but that’s only if you have a four-week cycle,” she says. You’ll have better luck conceiving if you monitor ovulation and start having sex at the right time. “We also teach people about sperm life—they can live for three days in the cervix, so you don’t have to have sex on the day of ovulation, it could be the day before. We also find that a lot of people don’t know that lubricant decreases sperm motility and transfer, so you shouldn’t use lubricant when you’re trying to get pregnant,” says Karnis.
5. Biofeedback
“Keeping a positive attitude is incredibly important. There is a huge mind-body connection. Try not to listen to the negative stories and try to be patient,” Bitidis advises. Preparing for pregnancy up to a year in advance may be a good idea if you’re planning to start a family in the near future, that way you can focus on making lifestyle changes. If you’re trying now, remember that it can take time—experts say up to a year— to conceive. If you’re concerned that it has taken too long, speak to your healthcare provider about your options for fertility counselling and treatment.

What are Infertility treatments?

Some fertility problems are more easily treated than others. In general, as a woman ages, especially after age 35, her chances of getting pregnant go down. But her risk of miscarriage goes up.

If you are 35 or older, your doctor may recommend that you skip some of the steps younger couples usually take. That’s because your chances of having a baby decrease with each passing year.

It’s important to understand that even if you are able to get pregnant, no treatment can guarantee a healthy baby. On the other hand, scientists in this field have made many advances that have helped millions of couples have babies.

Take time to plan
Before you and your partner start treatment, talk about how far you want to go with treatment. For example, you may want to try medicine but don’t want to have surgery. You may change your mind during your treatment, but it’s good to start with an idea of what you want your limits to be.

Treatment for fertility can also cost a lot. And insurance often doesn’t cover these expenses. If cost is a concern for you, ask how much the medicines and procedures cost. Then find out if your insurance covers any costs. Talk with your partner about what you can afford.

Thinking about this ahead of time may help keep you from becoming emotionally and financially drained from trying a series of treatments you hadn’t planned for.

Infertility: Should I Have Treatment?
Initial treatment
Treatment for the woman
Treatments for fertility problems in women depend on what may be keeping the woman from getting pregnant. Sometimes the cause isn’t known.

Problems with ovulating. Treatment may include taking medicine, such as:
Clomiphene. It stimulates your ovaries to release eggs.
Metformin. It’s used to treat polycystic ovary syndrome.
Unexplained infertility. If your doctor can’t find out why you and your partner haven’t been able to get pregnant, treatment may include:
Hormone injections.
Blocked or damaged tubes. If your fallopian tubes are blocked, treatment may include tubal surgery.
EndometriosisEndometriosis . If mild to moderate endometriosis seems to be the main reason for your infertility, treatment may include laparoscopic surgery to remove endometrial tissue growth. This treatment may not be an option if you have severe endometriosis. For more information, see the topic Endometriosis.


Source: http://www.webmd.com/infertility-and-reproduction/tc/fertility-problems-treatment-overview

Can I be mommy after 35?


To get pregnant in the first place is perhaps the major complication you’ll face. If you are aged 35 to 39, it could take you a couple of years to conceive even if you are having unprotected sex twice a week. For about 82 per cent of women aged 35 to 39 it takes a year or less to conceive, for another 8 per cent it takes one to two years to conceive, leaving 10 per cent still trying after two years. So you may need to be patient.

If you’re over 35, and having problems conceiving, see your GP as soon as you can, so she can check your physical readiness for pregnancy. You may want to consider assisted conception treatments. Bear in mind that treatments, such as IVF using your own eggs, are less likely to be successful once you reach 35 and success rates decline even more rapidly in your early forties. As an older mum you are more likely to have pregnancy complications such as high blood pressure, gestational diabetes, placenta praevia, pre-eclampsia and premature birth.

And it’s sadly more common for older mums to have a miscarriage or an ectopic pregnancy.

Though the rates are still low, the risk of having a baby who is stillborn doubles once you’re over 35 years of age, and is five times as likely when you’re 40. Genetic or chromosomal defects are also more likely, with the risk of having a baby with a chromosomal abnormality, such as Down’s syndrome, being highest for mums over 40.

However, your midwife or obstetrician will be well aware of these slightly increased risks for older mums during your antenatal appointments. She will explain the screening and diagnostic tests that are available to you, as well as advise you about how to stay healthy.

Some birth complications are also more likely in older mums, though this doesn’t mean that they’ll automatically happen. You may be more likely to have a longer labour, perhaps because the muscles of your uterus (womb) may not work as efficiently. You’re also more likely to have your labour induced, have an assisted birth or a caesarean section.

Be reassured that health professionals are often more vigilant when it comes to looking after older mums in the final weeks of pregnancy.

Try not to be unduly worried. The chance of any of these pregnancy or labour complications happening is small, and there’s a lot you can do to help yourself. Eating well, exercising regularly, not smoking and cutting out alcohol will help you to have a healthy pregnancy. The good news is that as a woman in your 30s, it’s likely that you already have a healthier lifestyle than you did in your 20s.

Be reassured that despite the slightly increased risks, you are still more likely to have a healthy baby than not, even if you are in your mid-40s.

Courtesy: http://www.babycentre.co.uk/x539933/is-it-risky-to-have-a-baby-after-35

Why is IVF done?

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a management for childlessness or infertility problems. If IVF is executed to treat infertility, you and your partner might be able to try less invasive treatment options before attempting IVF, including fertility drugs to increase production of eggs or intrauterine insemination (IUI) — a procedure in which sperm are placed directly in your uterus near the time of ovulation.

Sometimes, IVF is also offered as a primary treatment for infertility in women over age 40. IVF can also be carried out if you have certain health conditions. For example, IVF may be an option if you or your partner has:

Premature ovarian failure. Premature ovarian failure is the loss of normal ovarian function before age 40. If your ovaries fail, they don’t produce normal amounts of the hormone estrogen or have eggs to release regularly

Fallopian tube damage or blockage. Fallopian tube damage or blockage makes it difficult for an egg to be fertilized or for an embryo to travel to the uterus.

Ovulation disorders. If ovulation is infrequent or absent, fewer eggs are available for fertilization.

Previous tubal sterilization or removal. If you’ve had tubal ligation — a type of sterilization in which your fallopian tubes are cut or blocked to permanently prevent pregnancy — and want to conceive, IVF may be an alternative to tubal ligation reversal.

Uterine fibroids. Fibroids are benign tumors in the wall of the uterus and are common in women in their 30s and 40s. Fibroids can interfere with implantation of the fertilized egg.

Unexplained infertility. Unexplained infertility means no cause of infertility has been found despite evaluation for common causes.

Endometriosis. Endometriosis occurs when the uterine tissue implants and grows outside of the uterus — often affecting the function of the ovaries, uterus and fallopian tubes.

Impaired sperm production or function. Below-average sperm concentration, weak movement of sperm (poor mobility), or abnormalities in sperm size and shape can make it difficult for sperm to fertilize an egg. If semen abnormalities are found, your partner might need to see a specialist to determine if there are correctable problems or underlying health concerns.

Fertility preservation for cancer or other health conditions. If you’re about to start cancer treatment — such as radiation or chemotherapy — that could harm your fertility, IVF for fertility preservation may be an option. Women can have eggs harvested from their ovaries and frozen in an unfertilized state for later use. Or the eggs can be fertilized and frozen as embryos for future use. Women who don’t have a

A genetic disorder. If you or your partner is at risk of passing on a genetic disorder to your child, you may be candidates for preimplantation genetic diagnosis — a procedure that involves IVF. After the eggs are harvested and fertilized, they’re screened for certain genetic problems, although not all genetic problems can be found. Embryos that don’t contain identified problems can be transferred to the uterus.

functional uterus or for whom pregnancy poses a serious health risk might choose IVF using another person to carry the pregnancy (gestational carrier). In this case, the woman’s eggs are fertilized with sperm, but the resulting embryos are placed in the gestational carrier’s uterus.

Food for Male Infertility


Our body is indeed what we eat. There are numbers of researches that suggests that poor and improper diet concludes poor fertility in males.

We hear a common suggestion that stay away from tight underpants, do not place laptop on your lap, quit smoking and drinking, no drugs etc etc. But what effects ultimately is that diet that you intake. “We’ve noticed that fertility has been decreasing over the past several decades. And guys want advice to improve upon matters,” said Dr. Ryan Terlecki, director of the Men’s Health Clinic for the Wake Forest University Department of Urology. “Most guys have never even heard that anything in their diet could impact sperm count.” The food on your plate will determine the sperm count, irrespective of the morphology (shape) and motility.

How that does that play out in the bedroom? “Sperm count is, of course, important, because if it’s not there, you’re not going to [biologically] father a kid,” said Dr. Paul Turek, president of the Society for Male Reproduction and Urology. “And I think sperm motility is more important than sperm count.” Although morphology is less firmly linked to fertility, it has been shown in a number of studies to influence reproductive success, said Audrey Gaskins, who researches nutrition and fertility at the Harvard School of Public Health.

Although the research is still new, one thing is clear: The foods that may pose a threat to male fertility are many of the same dietary culprits behind things such as Type 2 Diabetes and heart disease. That means you’d be smart to avoid them, regardless of whether you plan to make a baby any time soon. The following foods might get in the way of fatherhood:


Processed meats

Sure, meat is considered the ultimate man food — but if you eat the wrong kind, your sperm could be compromised. In a 2014 Harvard study, men who consumed the most processed meat — hamburgers, hot dogs, salami, bologna, bacon — had 23 percent fewer normal sperm than guys who ate it sparingly. In another 2014 study, published in the journal Epidemiology, the same researchers found that eating processed meat was associated with lower sperm count.

Interestingly, saturated fat intake — which has previously been blamed for poor sperm quality — wasn’t the nutritional connection. “We didn’t find a link with unprocessed red meat, so it seems to be something that happens in the processing that is detrimental to sperm quality,” Gaskins told Yahoo Health.

One possibility: Processed meats tend to house more hormonal residues than other meats, which could have potential reproductive consequences. “In the U.S., we allow more hormones to be administered to our cattle [than in the European Union],” she said. “So this is definitely one possible mechanism.”

Eat this instead: Want to boost your swimmers? Look to the sea: The same Harvard scientists found that men who eat lots of fish have, on average, a 51 percent higher sperm count than those who barely eat any. This link was strongest for dark meat fish, like salmon or tuna, although white meat fish, such as cod and halibut, had a positive effect, too.

“Dark meat fish have higher levels of omega-3 fatty acids,” which have been previously shown to boost healthy sperm, said Gaskins. The extra dose of vitamin D in dark-meat fish may also be a factor.


Full-fat dairy

Whole milk may leave you with a fraction of the healthy sperm you should have. Young guys who eat at least two servings of full-fat dairy — especially cheese and whole milk — per day tend to have fewer motile sperm, according to a 2013 study in Human Reproduction. Don’t blame the cows, though: Pesticides and other chemical contaminants in the environment, which are attracted to the fat in dairy, may be what leads to subpar sperm, the scientists say.

Eat this instead: You don’t have to ditch dairy altogether. Just switch your focus to the low-fat kind: Men who consume a couple servings of low-fat dairy — especially 1% or 2% milk — per day have 33 percent higher sperm counts and more motile sperm than those who eat little or no low-fat dairy, a 2014 study in Fertility and Sterility found.

Non-organic produce

That fresh spinach may come with a side of pesticides — and your sperm could be the first casualty: In a study presented at the 2014 American Society for Reproductive Medicine Annual Meeting, which took place this week, men who consumed the most pesticide residues through produce had 64 percent fewer normal sperm and 70 percent fewer motile sperm than guys who took in the least.

Pesticides may throw your hormonal balance out of whack, which can interfere with your body’s production of sperm, said Gaskins. “We’re concerned about low chronic exposure, day after day at a low dose,” she said. “Our body slowly becomes unable to deal with these low-level impacts over time. This slowly leads to destruction.”

Eat this instead: We’d never suggest you eliminate produce from your diet — but you may want to consider shelling out the cash for organic fruits and vegetables, especially when it comes to these pesticide-laden picks: apples, strawberries, grapes, celery, peaches, spinach, sweet bell peppers, nectarines (imported), cucumbers, and cherry tomatoes. A 2014 Environmental Working Group study showed that these 10 fruits and vegetables have the highest pesticide load.



You booze, you lose — sperm, that is. Drinking alcohol may have a negative impact on sperm concentration and motility, according to a 2012 Brazilian study of men seeking fertility treatments. Why? Downing copious amounts of alcohol may lead to total-body oxidative stress, which is a key cause of male infertility, the researchers say. But one drink probably isn’t a problem: “In moderation, alcohol intake seems to have no effect on semen quality,” Gaskins said. However, as a new Danish study found, modest but habitual alcohol intake — slightly less than a bottle of wine per week — may compromise sperm quality.

Drink this instead: An occasional beer probably won’t do your body any harm, but if you’re constantly sipping on something (besides water), make it pomegranate juice. In a Turkish study, male rats given pomegranate juice on a daily basis experienced a boost in sperm count and motility. The purple juice is a rich source of antioxidants, like vitamin C, and although this was an animal study, past research has linked a high intake of antioxidants in men to better semen quality. “Men who eat a healthier diet with higher antioxidants — particularly from natural foods, as opposed to supplements — tend to have higher motility,” noted Gaskins.



Here’s yet another reason to kick the can: In a new study of 189 healthy young men, published in Human Reproduction, regularly drinking sugar-sweetened drinks — slightly more than a serving per day — was linked to poorer sperm motility. (Interestingly, this connection was strongest among lean men.) Sipping on sugary beverages — soda, sports drinks, sweet tea — boosts your odds of insulin resistance, which in turn leads to oxidative stress than can damage your sperm, the scientists say.

Eat this instead: If you need a shot of sugar, make it the kind found in fruit — not soda. In the Brazilian study, fruit was positively related to sperm quality, although, keep in mind, you should go organic whenever possible (or give your fruit a good scrubbing before eating it).

Why is Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD)recommended?

Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD or PIGD) refers to genetic profiling of embryos prior to implantation (as a form of embryo profiling), and sometimes even of oocytes prior to fertilization. PGD is considered in a similar fashion to prenatal diagnosis. When used to screen for a specific genetic disease, its main advantage is that it avoids selective pregnancy termination as the method makes it highly likely that the baby will be free of the disease under

Continue reading “Why is Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD)recommended?”

Secondary Infertility: What you need to know

Are you having problems conceiving the second time? Than yes, it is secondary fertility that you are dealing with. It’s a state when a woman is unable to get pregnancy or to complete the full term after having one child. Though most of the time, primary fertility problems get more attention, more than 10 million across the world are suffering from secondary infertility problems. The couples undergoing this situation might confront a range of physical and emotional frustrations, despite the fact that they’ve been able to successfully reproduce in the past.

Continue reading “Secondary Infertility: What you need to know”